The Convention on International Civil Aviation, also known as the Chicago Convention, established the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations charged with coordinating and regulating international air travel. The convention establishes rules of airspace, airplane registration and safety, and details the rights of the signatories in relation to air travel.
From its beginning in 1944 it has grown to an organization with over 180 Contracting States. ICAO’s aim is the safe and orderly development of all aspects of international civil aeronautics.
ICAO sets the minimum Standards and Recommended Practices for international civil aviation. These standards are contained in 19 Annexes to the Convention. Individual States remain responsible for regulating their aviation industries but have to take into account the requirements of the Convention and the minimum standards established by ICAO.
The 19 annexes are as follows:
- Annex 1 – Personnel Licensing
- Annex 2 – Rules of the Air
- Annex 3 – Meteorological Service for International Air Navigation
- Annex 4 – Aeronautical Charts
- Annex 5 – Units of Measurement to be Used in Air and Ground Operations
- Annex 6 – Operation of Aircraft – Aeroplanes
- Annex 7 – Aircraft Nationality and Registration Marks
- Annex 8 – Airworthiness of Aircraft
- Annex 9 – Facilitation
- Annex 10 – Aeronautical Telecommunications
- Annex 11 – Air Traffic Services
- Annex 12 – Search and Rescue
- Annex 13 – Aircraft Accident and Incident Investigation
- Annex 14 – Aerodromes – Aerodrome Design and Operations, Heliports
- Annex 15 – Aeronautical Information Services
- Annex 16 – Environmental Protection – Aircraft Noise
- Annex 17 – Security: Safeguarding International Civil Aviation Against Acts of Unlawful Interference
- Annex 18 – The Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air
- Annex 19 – Safety Management System (SMS)
For more information refer to www.icao.int